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Hello World Program In C Using Dev C++

06.08.2020
Hello World Program In C Using Dev C++ Average ratng: 6,7/10 4239 votes
The best way to learn a programming language is by writing programs. Typically, the first program beginners write is a program called 'Hello World', which simply prints 'Hello World' to your computer screen. Although it is very simple, it contains all the fundamental components C++ programs have:
The left panel above shows the C++ code for this program. The right panel shows the result when the program is executed by a computer. The grey numbers to the left of the panels are line numbers to make discussing programs and researching errors easier. They are not part of the program.
Let's examine this program line by line:
Line 1: // my first program in C++
Two slash signs indicate that the rest of the line is a comment inserted by the programmer but which has no effect on the behavior of the program. Programmers use them to include short explanations or observations concerning the code or program. In this case, it is a brief introductory description of the program.

Line 2: #include <iostream>
Lines beginning with a hash sign (#) are directives read and interpreted by what is known as the preprocessor. They are special lines interpreted before the compilation of the program itself begins. In this case, the directive #include <iostream>, instructs the preprocessor to include a section of standard C++ code, known as header iostream, that allows to perform standard input and output operations, such as writing the output of this program (Hello World) to the screen.

Line 3: A blank line.
Blank lines have no effect on a program. They simply improve readability of the code.

Line 4: int main ()
This line initiates the declaration of a function. Essentially, a function is a group of code statements which are given a name: in this case, this gives the name 'main' to the group of code statements that follow. Functions will be discussed in detail in a later chapter, but essentially, their definition is introduced with a succession of a type (int), a name (main) and a pair of parentheses (()), optionally including parameters.
The function named main is a special function in all C++ programs; it is the function called when the program is run. The execution of all C++ programs begins with the main function, regardless of where the function is actually located within the code.

Lines 5 and 7: { and }
The open brace ({) at line 5 indicates the beginning of main's function definition, and the closing brace (}) at line 7, indicates its end. Everything between these braces is the function's body that defines what happens when main is called. All functions use braces to indicate the beginning and end of their definitions.

Line 6: std::cout << 'Hello World!';
This line is a C++ statement. A statement is an expression that can actually produce some effect. It is the meat of a program, specifying its actual behavior. Statements are executed in the same order that they appear within a function's body.
This statement has three parts: First, std::cout, which identifies the standardcharacter output device (usually, this is the computer screen). Second, the insertion operator (<<), which indicates that what follows is inserted into std::cout. Finally, a sentence within quotes ('Hello world!'), is the content inserted into the standard output.
Notice that the statement ends with a semicolon (;). This character marks the end of the statement, just as the period ends a sentence in English. All C++ statements must end with a semicolon character. One of the most common syntax errors in C++ is forgetting to end a statement with a semicolon.

You may have noticed that not all the lines of this program perform actions when the code is executed. There is a line containing a comment (beginning with //). There is a line with a directive for the preprocessor (beginning with #). There is a line that defines a function (in this case, the main function). And, finally, a line with a statements ending with a semicolon (the insertion into cout), which was within the block delimited by the braces ( { } ) of the main function.
The program has been structured in different lines and properly indented, in order to make it easier to understand for the humans reading it. But C++ does not have strict rules on indentation or on how to split instructions in different lines. For example, instead of

We could have written:
all in a single line, and this would have had exactly the same meaning as the preceding code.
In C++, the separation between statements is specified with an ending semicolon (;), with the separation into different lines not mattering at all for this purpose. Many statements can be written in a single line, or each statement can be in its own line. The division of code in different lines serves only to make it more legible and schematic for the humans that may read it, but has no effect on the actual behavior of the program.
Now, let's add an additional statement to our first program:

In this case, the program performed two insertions into std::cout in two different statements. Once again, the separation in different lines of code simply gives greater readability to the program, since main could have been perfectly valid defined in this way:
The source code could have also been divided into more code lines instead:

And the result would again have been exactly the same as in the previous examples.
Preprocessor directives (those that begin by #) are out of this general rule since they are not statements. They are lines read and processed by the preprocessor before proper compilation begins. Preprocessor directives must be specified in their own line and, because they are not statements, do not have to end with a semicolon (;).

C Hello World. Now, we will see that how to write C hello world program with Dev C IDE. We can use Dev C for C programming very easily and Dev C makes creating C programs and applications simple for us. Jan 26, 2011  Create your first C Program in Dev-C (Video 1) - Duration: 5:09. Visual C 2010 Tutorial 1 - Hello World - Duration: 7:15. Sam McAnelly 259,898 views.


Using namespace std

If you have seen C++ code before, you may have seen cout being used instead of std::cout. Both name the same object: the first one uses its unqualified name (cout), while the second qualifies it directly within the namespacestd (as std::cout).
cout is part of the standard library, and all the elements in the standard C++ library are declared within what is called a namespace: the namespace std.
In order to refer to the elements in the std namespace a program shall either qualify each and every use of elements of the library (as we have done by prefixing cout with std::), or introduce visibility of its components. The most typical way to introduce visibility of these components is by means of using declarations:
The above declaration allows all elements in the std namespace to be accessed in an unqualified manner (without the std:: prefix).
With this in mind, the last example can be rewritten to make unqualified uses of cout as:

Both ways of accessing the elements of the std namespace (explicit qualification and using declarations) are valid in C++ and produce the exact same behavior. For simplicity, and to improve readability, the examples in these tutorials will more often use this latter approach with using declarations, although note that explicit qualification is the only way to guarantee that name collisions never happen.
Namespaces are explained in more detail in a later chapter.
Previous:
Compilers

Index
Next:
Variables and types

Here,is a Hello World program in C

Here is the code explanation:

Pre-processor directive

#include is a pre-processor directive in 'C.'

#include <stdio.h>, stdio is the library where the function printf is defined. printfis used for generating output. Before using this function, we have to first include the required file, also known as a header file (.h).

C++

You can also create your own functions, group them in header files and declare them at the top of the program to use them. To include a file in a program, use pre-processor directive

File-name is the name of a file in which the functions are stored. Pre-processor directives are always placed at the beginning of the program.

The main function

The main function is a part of every 'C' program. We can represent the main function in various forms, such as:

  • main()
  • int main()
  • void main()
  • main(void)
  • void main(void)
  • int main(void)

The empty parentheses indicate that this function does not take any argument, value or a parameter. You can also represent this explicitly by placing the keyword void inside the parentheses. The keyword void means the function does not return any value, in this case, the last statement is always getch ().

In the above example, the keyword int means the function will return an integer value. In this case, the last statement should always return 0.

The source code

After the main function has been declared, we have to specify the opening and closing parentheses. Curly brackets { }, indicate the starting and end of a program. These brackets must be always put after the main function. All the program code is written inside these brackets, such as declarative and executable part.

The printf function generates the output by passing the text 'Hello World!'

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The semicolon ; determines the end of the statement. In C, each statement must end with a semicolon.

So we have successfully installed the compiler and now can begin working in 'C.' We will write a simple program that will say hello to us. Let's start.

How to run C Program

Step 1) Create a new Project

Step 2) In the pop-up,

  1. Select File
  2. Choose the 'C/C++ Source'
  3. Click 'Go.'

C++ Hello World Example

Step 3) Continue, by clicking on 'Next.'

Step 4) To create the new file ,select a 'C' file then click on 'Next' button to continue.

Step 5) Set the file path by clicking the '..' button, the explorer window permits to create the C file.

Step 6) Select the path of your new C File then its name which has .c extension and save it.

Step 7) Finally, to confirm the C file creation click 'Finish.'

Step 8) Enter the code, save it and compile it by clicking on the 'Build & Run 'button.

Here is the result:

Summary

  • The main function is a mandatory part of every 'C' program.
  • To use the functionality of a header file, we have to include the file at the beginning of our program.
  • Every 'C' program follows a basic structure.